This tool allows you to
edit and send packets via your wireless network adapter. To open
the Packet Generator, click Tools
=> Packet Generator, or select a packet from
right-click on it, and select the Send
Please read the following
important information about the limitations and peculiarities of
using in the Packet Generator with wireless adapters:
the Packet Generator unless you know exactly what effect you want
to achieve. Sending packets may produce unpredictable results, and
we strongly recommend refraining from using this tool unless you
are an experienced network administrator.
Generator will not work with the old 802.11b adapters.
fields in the packet header are modified by the adapter firmware
before the packet is sent. For example, the Duration and Sequence
Number values are overridden by the adapter firmware, and the More
Fragments bit will always be set to 0.
adapter firmware may fail to send certain packets, or it may send
certain packets multiple times. This behavior is fully controlled
by the firmware and is beyond our control.
adapter firmware may disallow you to send packets at an arbitrary
rate. It is quite possible that when you select the rate of 1000
packets per second, the firmware will actually send the packets at
a much slower rate.
Please note that the
Packet Generator cannot and should not be used for sending
application-layer TCP streams, i.e. it cannot take care of
incrementing SEQ or ACK values automatically, adjusting checksums
and packet sizes and so forth. If you need to send a TCP stream,
you should use a Winsock-based application specifically designed
for that purpose. The Packet Generator is a tool for replaying
pre-captured data, testing firewalls and intrusion detection
systems, as well as for performing other specific tasks that
require manual packet crafting.
The Packet Generator
allows you to change the packet contents and have the packet decode
displayed in the left window as you edit it. You can create packets
of any kind; you have full control over the packet contents. For
IP, TCP, UDP, and ICMP packets, you can automatically correct the
checksum(s) by clicking on the Sigma
assist you with packet editing, the
Builder tool is also
available; click on the
corresponding button to invoke it.
You can also click on the
button with an arrow on it to display the list of available packet
templates. The program comes with TCP,
templates; using them is often faster than typing hex codes in the
editor window. These templates contain typical TCP, UDP, and ICMP
packets, but you would most probably want to edit many packet
fields and use meaningful values that suit your needs, such as real
MAC and IP addresses, port numbers, SEQ and ACK numbers, etc. You
can use your own templates rather than the built-in ones. You can
drag-and-drop a packet from the CommView Packets tab to the
Templates section in the Packet Generator window. If you drop
several packets into the Templates section, only the first packet
will be used as a template. An entry named New Template will appear
in the list of templates. You can rename a template by
right-clicking on it in the list and selecting Rename.
If you need to delete a template, right-click on it and
pop-up menu. Selecting a template in the list will load the packet
that it contains in the editor window where it can be edited prior
You can also place NCF
files with the templates of your choice to the TEMPLATES subfolder
in the application folder. If CommView finds NCF files (or just one
of them) in the TEMPLATES subfolder, it will list them among the
available templates in the drop-down list. These NCF files should
contain only one packet per file, but if you use a file that
contains many packets, CommView will load only the first
Once you have edited a
packet, use the controls below to send it:
modifies the packet size.
Per Second – controls the speed at
which packets will be sent.
– select this
option if you want the Packet Generator to send packets
continuously until you click Stop.
– select this
option if you want the Packet Generator to send packet a given
number of times.
modifies the 802.11 rate to be used for sending packets. Depending
on the currently selected band and channel, not all rates may be
used. For example, 802.11a packets cannot be sent at the rate of 2
Preamble – sets the preamble type
for 802.11b and 802.11g packets. Not applicable to
– click this
button when you are ready to send packets or to stop sending
Working with multiple packets
You can use the Packet
Generator to send multiple packets at once. To do that, just select
the packets you want to send in the list and invoke the Packet
Generator using the right-click menu, or drag and drop the selected
packets to the Packet Generator window. Alternatively, you can drag
and drop capture files in all supported formats directly to the
Packet Generator window. When multiple packets are being sent, the
packer editor and decoder tree become invisible.
Saving edited packets
If you edit a packet and
would like to save it, just drag the decoder tree to the desktop or
any folder, and a new file in NCF format containing the packet will
be created. The file name is always PACKET.NCF. You can also drag
the packet to the templates window. If you need to edit and send
multiple packets, edit them one by one, each time dragging a new
packet to the desktop and renaming it. After that, open a new Log
Viewer window, drag-n-drop the edited packets from the desktop to
Log Viewer, select them using the Shift button, and invoke the
Packet Generator using the context menu.